Eboe (Igbo) Landing

The Igbo landing is located on St. Simons Island, Glynn County, Georgia. In 1803, there was a mass suicide by 75 captured Igbo people who took control of a slave ship and refused to be enslaved.


The Igbo people are the indigenous people of southeastern Nigeria, West Africa. According to the CIA world Factbook, the current population of the Igbos in Nigeria is about 32 million.


In May 1803 a slave ship full of captive West Africans run by captors from the United States landed in Savannah Georgia. Igbo slaves of that time had a reputation with Southern Slave masters for being fiercely independent and stubborn.


Agents who worked for Thomas Spalding (a United States Georgia representative) and John Couper bought 75 of the Igbo slaves. Each slave was worth $100 (this is over $2000 today). The slaves were meant to work on plantations in St. Simons islands. They were transported to the island on a vessel called The Schooner York.


The Igbo slaves rebelled on this ship and drowned their captors. Upon the direction of a chief among them, they walked into the Dunbar creek. As they walked in, they kept singing in their language, “the water brought us, the water spirit will take us home”.


They chose to die over being enslaved. This is a story of great resistance and is often recited as African American folklore. Some people call it the first “freedom march” in American history. Some local people still claim that the spirit of the dead Igbos haunts the Igbo landing and surrounding areas.


In September 2002, the site was designated as a holy ground during a two-day commemoration carried out by the St. Simons African American Coalition.






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