(1822- March 10th 1913)
She was an American slavery abolitionist and humanitarian who was born a slave in Dorchester County, Maryland. Her birth name was Araminta Ross but she changed her name to Harriet Tubman after marriage. As a child, her mother told her bible stories and this helped to instill strong faith in God in her. A slave overseer as a child hit her on the head with a heavy metal and this often led to her having seizures and seeing visions throughout her life. She believed the dreams and visions were God sent. These visions helped her rescue slaves later on in life.
She married a free man called John Tubman in 1844 but the union was complicated because she was still a slave and this meant their children would have to be slaves. Later on in her life she remarried a farmer named Nelson Davis and they lived together until he died in 1888. They adopted a baby girl in 1874.
In 1849 Harriet Tubman escaped slavery. She soon began her rescue mission, helping slaves escape into Canada and free states in America. She used a network made up of free and enslaved blacks and white abolitionists, this network was called the Underground Railroad. She had to travel by night and relied on the North Star for direction.
She was the first woman to lead an armed assault during the civil war. The operation helped free about 750 slaves. She supported the Union because she believed that a union win would put an end to slavery especially after Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation act in 1863. She also served as a nurse for the union soldiers and never received compensation for her acts of service in the civil war until 1899. She was also a part of the women’s suffrage cause later on in her life. She believed women ought to be able to vote.
She died of pneumonia in 1913 in a rest home made in her honor. She was buried in Fort Hill Cemetery.