From 1967-1970 there was a civil war in Nigeria, between Nigeria and Biafra (30th May 1967- January 1970). Biafra was located in the South Eastern region of Nigeria and it’s inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people. Tribes such as Efik, Ibibio, Ijaw, Annang, Ebeno and a few others were also a part of Biafra. It existed due to the tensions and mass killings of the Igbos by the northerners in the Northern region.

An Igbo military man called Ojukwu was highly disappointed in the way the Northerners, who were placed as the ruling tribe in Nigeria by the British government were ruling the country. He then led the movement for the independence of Biafra from Nigeria. Nigeria was not willing to let go of the South East because it was very rich in crude oil which was set to become Nigeria’s main export. This, in turn, led to the killing and starvation of millions of men, women and children.

Once the civil war came to an end, so did Biafra and the South East was a part of Nigeria again.  Many Biafrans lost a lot of their material possessions and were forced to start all over. Very little to no reparations were given by the Nigerian Government.

Igbos have become victims of tribalism and institutional marginalisation in Nigeria and so the agitation for an independent nation of their own has become more popular. Nnamdi Kanu is the current frontier of the Biafra movement. Some Nigerian government officials have refuted the idea of Biafra and restructuring of the country.

This decision did not sit well with the Movement for the Actualisation of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB). MASSOB, in turn, criticises the nonchalant attitude of the Igbo religious, traditional and political leaders towards the movement.

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